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Your Roots2Words Affix of the Week is ANTE-:
ante (noun) – gaming stake put in by players before the deal in poker
antebellum (adj) – before the war, particularly the Civil War
BREAKDOWN: ANTE- (before) + BELL- (war)
antecedent (noun) – preceding circumstance or event; ancestors; the noun that a pronoun replaces or describes
BREAKDOWN: ANTE- (before) + CEDE- (come) + -ENT (that which does)
antediluvian (adj) – belonging to the age before the Biblical Flood (deluge); old-fashioned
anterior (adj) – situated in front of or before; earlier in time
anteroom (noun) – room that opens to a larger room; can also be called an antechamber
** INTERESTING VARIATIONS**
ANTI– typically means against or opposite but is the root for before in certain words:
antipasto (noun) – a course of appetizers consisting of an assortment of Italian foods
anticipate (verb) – to realize beforehand; to expect or look forward to
BREAKDOWN: ANT- (before) + CIP- (take) + -ATE (act of)
antiquated (adj) – old, obsolete
When telling time, A.M. is an abbreviation for ante meridian, which means occurring before noon.
BREAKDOWN: ANTE- (before) + MED- (middle) + DI- (day) + -IAN (of or pertaining to)
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